Florence Nightingale became the heroine of the Crimean War when she and a group of nurses went out to Scutari hospital, in Turkey, to run the hospitals and nurse the soldiers. She took this medicine chest with her to use if needed. Florence found that many of the men were dying from diseases like dysentery, caught in the hospitals, rather than from their wounds. Most of the medicines inside the chest are for upset stomachs or diarrhoea, showing Florence's foresight. It includes quinine to treat malaria, and ipecacuanha wine used to treat dysentery.