Little miner's lamp handmade from a spent cartridge shell. Made and used by my cousin Ernest Jones when, as a World War 2 prisoner of war, he was forced to work in the copper mines at Helmstedt, Germany. Conditions in the mine were primitive and punishing. He was from an Ebbw Vale mining family and familiar with the construction of miners' lamps. Ernest was taken prisoner in the Western Desert after the fall of Tobruk in 1942. He was about 20 years old and was a POW until liberated by the Allied forces. Like many former POWs, Ernie was reluctant to talk about his terrible experiences, which so often destroyed the health & spirit of the prisoners.