American Gold Double Eagles Coin

Contributed by The Hunterian

American Gold Double Eagles Coin

In 1904 the President, Teddy Roosevelt, decided that the United States required a coinage of greater artistic merit worthy of the country's growing status in the world. He persuaded the leading American sculptor, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, to undertake the task. The first design to emerge was for the double eagle.

Liberty is now a full figure striding forward and holding a torch and laurel branch. Behind her is a rising sun. At the bottom left the Capitol can be seen. Above is the word LIBERTY and at the bottom right the date and a monogram, of the artist's initials ASG.

The reverse depicts a magnificent eagle flying to the left with the rising sun behind. Above is the inscription, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA / TWENTY DOLLARS. Above the sun are the words, IN GOD WE TRUST. On the edge of the coin is the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM (One from Many).

The new coin was struck in huge numbers from 1907 until 1933. Then, with the Great Depression at its height, the United States ceased minting gold coins and ordered its citizens to give up those they possessed. These were melted down into gold bars to be held at Fort Knox.

Comments are closed for this object

Most of the content on A History of the World is created by the contributors, who are the museums and members of the public. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not those of the BBC or the British Museum. The BBC is not responsible for the content of any external sites referenced. In the event that you consider anything on this page to be in breach of the site’s House Rules please Flag This Object.

About this object

Click a button to explore other objects in the timeline




View more objects from people in Glasgow and West of Scotland.

Find out more

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.