Russian revolutionary plate

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This plate depicts a worker trampling the word 'Kapital' (capitalism), to release the dynamic forces of a new industrial order for the benefit of the workers. The plate was created to celebrate the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the creation of the world's first Communist state. The whole image is in the Futurist style favoured by the artists of the Revolution. It was designed by Mikhail Mikhailovich Adamovich (1884 - 1947) and created in the State Porcelain Factory in Petrograd, previously named St Petersburg.

How was porcelain used to spread propaganda about the Russian Revolution?

The former Imperial Porcelain Factory, founded in 1744, worked exclusively for the Russian Royal Family and Imperial Court. After the Russian Revolution of 1917 the factory was renamed the State Porcelain Factory. Existing stocks of plates produced before the Revolution, but not yet decorated, were painted with the symbols and slogans of the new Soviet republic. This plate was made in 1901 under Tsar Nicholas II, but decorated in 1921. Many such plates were exported abroad, demonstrating how luxury objects from the Tsar's own factory could symbolize the overthrow of the capitalist system.

After Communism in the USSR collapsed, the factory that made this was privatised and renamed: Imperial Porcelain factory

Revolution!

Well there was no great surprise about a revolution in Russia, there had been one in 1905 – rather sort of European type, getting parliament and so on – but basically the country was backward, poor, unstable and in fact it was not likely to survive a major war. And in fact it was the war, the Great War, which did for the Tsar. Essentially it was a revolution not against the Tsar, as against the war. And it is when the soldiers joined the rather hungry workers in Petrograd, and occupied the cities and did not shoot the workers – as the Tsar would have wanted to – that it became clear that the Tsar had to go, and he resigned shortly afterwards.

The mood was one of complete chaos, in a way, in which the workers, and even the peasants and the soldiers, started organising their own councils while a provisional government was formed. But the provisional government had virtually no independent power, particularly not because it insisted on going on with the war. And when it insisted on going on with the war, in fact increasingly both the soldiers and the peasants and the workers became radicalised. The peasants started to occupy the landlords’ land; soldiers deserted to join their brothers in the villages to take on the land and the only people who had systematically said the government, the new government, has no power and be this is a revolution about peace, land and bread, eventually won.

There were two revolutions because over throwing the Tsar, in fact what everyone expected including the autre revolutions at the time, was there would not be a second revolution but Russia would settle down as something like what we would today call, a western democracy. Within which right, left and centre would go on making their political battles, as elsewhere, but it proved to be impossible very largely because A) The revolution had not been made by the liberal democrats, it had been made by the poor who rebelled against the war and B) the new government insisted they felt they were pressed by the western allies not to leave the war and that did for them. And that made a second revolution in effect inevitable.

It was a second revolution which was totally unexpected, unpredicted rather, before the war. Nobody would have dreamed, even in February nobody would have dreamed that Russia would settle down as a socialist country with socialists in power devoted to sparking off a global revolution against capitalism. And in fact nobody was really quite used to it, very few people actually expected anybody to take over in Russia, it was merely the fact that the Bolsheviks under Lenin were about the only people who had, if you like, the mad courage to take it over, cost what may, who actually succeeded in doing it. And in doing so incidentally saved most of what had been the Russian Empire, whereas the other empires in Europe went to bits, the Russian Empire lasted until... for another 80 years until 1998.

Eric Hobsbawm, historian and author

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Comments

  • 6 comments
  • 1. At 10:11 on 18 October 2010, Virge wrote:

    It would be interesting to hear a little more about the other plate glimpsed in the rotating image showing the Estonian flag ( Blue/black/white ) and the University in Tartu. The bridge is not the one usually shown in this location. This plate seems to celebrate the identity of Estonia , gaining its Independence in Feb 1917 and learning as opposed to worker's communes.

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  • 2. At 10:16 on 18 October 2010, Diogenes the Cynic wrote:

    The text asserts "a worker trampling the word 'Kapital'" and Mr McGregor asserted that the foot is poised ABOVE the letter. In the picture shewn, the foot is BENEATH the letter 'K'. This is indeed history written upside down.

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  • 3. At 17:09 on 18 October 2010, Victuallers wrote:

    re. The other glimpsed plate mentioned earlier. The wikipedia article about the plate's designer does discuss some of his other designs and has links to other specialist sites. The link is http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikhail_Mikhailovich_Adamovich

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  • 4. At 17:09 on 18 October 2010, Victuallers wrote:

    re. The other glimsed plate mentioned earlier. The wikipedia article about the plate's designer does discuss some of his other designs and has links to other specialist sites. The link is http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mikhail_Mikhailovich_Adamovich

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  • 5. At 01:36 on 19 October 2010, David Crosbie wrote:

    The other plate celebrates the 'Electric Light Company of 1886', a pioneering utility company in Tsarist Russia. See http://www.h-net.org/~business/bhcweb/publications/BEHprint/v026n2/p0540-p0549.pdf. The name is inscribed around the front in the pre-1917 alphabet. The reverse reads something like 'complex energy systems' around the makers name in English 'Imperial Porcelain 1744 St. Petersburg'. Presumably the picture is of one the power stations of the '1886 Company'.

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  • 6. At 01:54 on 19 October 2010, David Crosbie wrote:

    Silly me! Of course, what's really being celebrated on the plate is the street lighting!

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Location

St. Petersburg, Russia

Culture
Period

1921 (painting)

Theme
Size
H:
25.4cm
Colour
Material

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