This is the gravestone of Ammonius, a centurion in the First Cohort of Spaniards in the Roman army, who died in Scotland almost two thousand years ago. The inscription reads "To the spirits of the departed Ammonius, son of Damio, centurion of the First Cohort of Spaniards, of 27 years service. His heirs had this erected". Professor Keppie of the Hunterian Museum notes that the name is oriental or north African in origin. This is testament to the multicultural nature of Roman Scotland with members of the army coming from every corner of the Roman world. Ammonius' long service is also notable. Professor Keppie explains that the normal length of service in the Roman army was 25 years, but soldiers who were promoted to centurions could serve for much longer. We can only imagine the battles, travels and amazing adventures experienced by Ammonius during his lifetime.
Roman inscribed gravestone from Scotland
Most of the content on A History of the World is created by the contributors, who are the museums and members of the public. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not those of the BBC or the British Museum. The BBC is not responsible for the content of any external sites referenced. In the event that you consider anything on this page to be in breach of the site’s House Rules please Flag This Object.
About this object
Click a button to explore other objects in the timeline
Ardoch Roman camp
second century AD
View more objects from people in Glasgow and West of Scotland.