From mediaeval times onwards, local cattle and horses grazed in summer on the commonty, a common pasture on the hills above Abernethy (Perthshire).
A cowherd would 'toot' the horn at Tootie Corner on the Main Street, where nowadays the Tootie House stands. This was the signal for the cattle to be brought to him from the houses in the village. He would then take them up Coo Wynd to Tarduff Hill and tend them for the day before bringing them down for the evening milking.
Horned cattle were at one time very common, and this particular specimen was probably taken from a local beast.
There are sundry marks on the horn, no doubt carved by bored cowherds. One of these reads possibly TP1744, although tradition in the village has it that it is considerably older than that date.