Fanad Head was sunk by U30 on 14th September 1939. U30 was commanded by Fritz-Julius Lemp & had previously sunk passenger liner Athenia on 3rd September. U30 was attacked by Skua aicraft launched from HMS Ark Royal. Fleet Air Arm pilots forced down & captured by U30. Pilots: Capt Guy Griffiths & Pilot Officer Thurston held as 'political prisoners' for 6 months. Later in WW2 Lemp commanded U110 from which the Enigma Machine was captured. Crew and Passengers of Fanad Head launched lifeboats and Lemp ensured that they were safe and told them that their SOS had been received. Lifeboats were picked up by HMS Tartar and before the lifeboats were destroyed E.T Halnan asked to retain this binnacle compass. Guy Griffiths survived the war and his exploits are detailed at the Royal Marine Museum, Eastney Portsmouth.