Why are trails and voiceovers so loud?
BBC broadcast technology trainer John Heraty looks at how the problem of inconsistent loudness is being addressed
Measuring the loudness problem with LUFS and LU
A short guide for the dubbing mixer, editor and mix engineer
The home listening environment
What problems does the listener at home have once they have received your perfect audio?
How loud should the speakers be? An introduction to audio monitor line-up
Small edit suite audio monitor line-up
Measuring sound pressure level of loudspeakers
Measuring loudspeaker sound pressure level in an edit suite and with smartphones
Audibility and surround to stereo mix-down
How audio metadata can affect the audibility of programme dialogue
The test signal
Two pink noise test signals for use in setting loudspeaker SPL and for basic room assessment