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Banner - Black History Month October '05
Marvin Gaye
What happened in 1971:
  • Britain's home secretary Reginald Maudling announces that Commonwealth citizens lose their automatic right to remain in the UK under the government's new Immigration Bill.

  • On January 25th in Uganda, a military coup led by Major General Idi Amin seizes power from President Milton Obote while he was out of the country attending a Commonwealth conference.

  • In March the late, great Martin Luther King Jr receives a Grammy for Best Spoken Word recording for his 1967 Why I Oppose The War In Vietnam speech.

  • MGM Studios released the first big budget Hollywood blaxploitation film Shaft, which went on to win an Oscar. The statuette was awarded to long-time Stax records artist and arranger Isaac Hayes for his Theme from Shaft. His appearance at the Oscar ceremony had as much of an impact as his music. He appeared on a floating piano in a shirt made entirely of chains. The film was later remade by John Singleton in 2000, starring Samuel L Jackson.

  • The New York Times published their first article on graffiti focusing on writer Taki 183 who was tagging up everywhere he went. The appearance of this unusual name and numeral sparked curiosity and marked the first public interest in graffiti. He was by no means the first writer or even the first king, he was however the first to be recognized outside the newly formed subculture.

In the music:
  • Marvin Gaye fights and gains complete control of his music with the release of the classic single What's Going On in January. The landmark album of the same name is released in May and goes top ten in the US.

  • At the age of 21, Stevie Wonder invested the money from his trust fund into a recording studio and became the first Motown artist who could call his own shots. Wonder received creative freedom and a better financial deal.

  • King Tubby, who is credited as the pioneer of dub music and the first real producer to make remixes, opened his first recording studio in Jamaica.

  • Michael Jackson's solo career kicks off with Got to Be There and reaches the top five.

  • Sly and the Family Stone release their anticipated album There's A Riot Goin' On which produces the classic track Family Affair.

  • Soul record guru Dave Godin is the first to coin the phrase Northern Soul when writing his column in Blues & Soul magazine.

  • Gil Scott-Heron, credited by many as being the godfather of rap, released his second street poetry album Pieces Of A Man featuring the controversial and iconic track The Revolution will not be Televised'. His vocal artistry, political awareness and unique proto-rap style on this track has since influenced a generation of hip hop artists.

Notable releases:
  • Quite Fire - Roberta Flack
  • Maggot Brain - Funkadelic
  • What's Going On - Marvin Gaye
  • Shaft - Isaac Hayes
  • Live In Cook County Jail - BB King
  • Never Can Say Goodbye - The Jackson Five
  • Proud Mary - Ike & Tina Turner
  • What's Going On - Marvin Gaye
  • Got to Be There - Michael Jackson
Grammy awards:
  • Ain't No Sunshine - Bill Withers
  • Shaft - Isaac Hayes (2 Grammys)
Banner - Black History Month October 2004

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