Popular music: Chaabi, kabil and chawia.
Street music: Algerian hip hop and rai music.
Artists: Intik and Double Kanon.
Popular music: Semba, an ancestor of the Brazilian samba, rebita and merengue.
Icons: Os Jovens Do Prenda who blends the indigenous semba rhythm with Zairean rhumba and their own Quilapanga-Angolan meringue. Bonga, Eduardo Paim, The Kafala Brothers, Paulo Flores, Waldamar Bastos and Ruka Vandunen and Carlos Viera Dias.
Street music: Angolan hip hop.
Artists: Das Primeiro, Hemoglobina and Army Squad.
Popular music: Makossa.
Icons: Manu Dibango championed Makossa’s funky dance sound. His tune Soul Makossa was an international hit in 1972.
Street music: Makossa has developed into the newer rhumba/makossa soukoss sound.
Artists: Ra-Syn, Umar Crew.
Democratic Republic of Congo
Popular music: Soukous, rhumba.
History: Fusion of rhumba, latin and African music styles. Most of the influential musicians emerged from bands.
Icons: Franco, Kanda Bongoman, Koffi Olomide, Wenge Musica.
Street music: Rhumba, hip hop.
Popular music: Swahii, bedouin.
History: Dates back to 4000 BC.
Icons: Sayed Darwish, Kalthum.
Street music: Al-jil, shaabi, hip hop.
Artists: Amr Diab, Natasha Atlas, Clotaire K.
Popular music: Ethio-Jazz.
Icons: Influenced by Muslim and Somalian music. Religious music has a Christian element.
Street music: Bolel.
Artists: Aster Aweke, Gigi Shibabaw.
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